The Home Cinema systems bring you closer to the cinema in your living room and are a great way to spend a good time with family. Many would like to have one at home and it has become an increasingly popular audio system among moviegoers and Sunday blanket and movie lovers.
However, installing a home theater system can bring some people down the street from bitterness. Especially if they are not a handyman and are not used to dealing with cables and sound equipment.
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Therefore, we have prepared this small manual. The most important thing about how to set up a Home Cinema? Know where to connect equipment and how to place speakers.
What do I need to install a home cinema system?
There are a number of home theater systems, some more complex than others. The most popular is Home Cinema 5.1. The basic equipment you need to work with a Home Cinema 5.1 are:
A TV (if possible high definition).
A Blu-ray or DVD player (better if it is Blu-ray)
Five speakers and a subwoofer.
An AV receiver.
If you already have an HD television and a Blu-ray player, purchasing the rest of the equipment can be affordable. Currently, we can find high-quality 5.1 speakers and AV receivers at very affordable prices. A good home cinema system is an investment that you can enjoy for many years to come.
Steps to install a home theater system
Correctly position the AV receiver.
Position the speakers correctly.
Connect the devices to the AV receiver (TV, Blu-ray player, consoles, etc).
Turn on the AV receiver.
Calibrate the speakers.
How to place the AV receiver?
The first thing to do is decide where you are going to place the AV receiver. But what is an AV receiver? It is the soul of a Home Cinema system. It is like a switchboard that is in charge of receiving, processing, and amplifying the audio and video signals.
It also decodes digital audio signals (in formats such as Dolby Atmos, DTS: X, etc.) and divides the audio between the different channels so that each speaker can reproduce the surround sound of movies correctly.
We anticipate that AV receivers generate a lot of heat and can affect the performance of the Home Cinema system. We recommend that you find a space where air can circulate a minimum around the AV receiver to keep it at a suitable temperature.
Ideally, place it on a spacious, open shelf or ledge. If you do not have the necessary furniture, you can place it on the floor, in a place where it does not get in the way and a couple of centimeters away from the walls.
How to place the speakers of a home cinema system?
One of the most important aspects when installing a home theater system is positioning the speakers correctly. You can count on the best equipment, but if you do not position the speakers well, it will be difficult for you to get a good surround sound experience.
Sometimes it can be difficult to place them in the perfect position, especially if we do not have a room designed for the reproduction of films, or because of the distribution of the room. However, if you follow the guidelines below, you will have no problem perceiving surround sound as God intended.
A Home Cinema 5.1 has three front speakers (one center and two sides), two surrounds back, and a subwoofer. The front speakers and the subwoofer are the most used. They are the ones that sound when we listen to stereo music, for example. In contrast, surround speakers are only used when playing a 5.1 surround sound mix or multi-channel recordings.
The central speaker is responsible for reproducing the main voices, and, together with the sides, it reproduces most of the sound space of a movie, such as a soundtrack and ambient sound.
When positioning the system, the main thing is to try to place the center speaker as close to the TV as possible, in front of the listener. Some people place it on the floor, but this adversely affects the sound quality of the system. The center speaker handles the lead voices, so by placing it right in front of the listener, the voices seem to emerge from the TV.
As for the side speakers, they are usually located to the sides of the television, at angles of 22 ° to 45 ° with respect to it. Ideally all three front speakers should be at the same height. Although this may be difficult in some homes, it is something we should try.
The surround speakers are very important for achieving surround sound effects that can offer a 5.1 sound mix. They are responsible for reproducing some sound effects, as well as secondary voices.
The surround speakers should ideally be located between 90 ° and 110 ° to an imaginary sphere in which the viewer is at the center. This means above and behind our heads. It can be difficult to place them at the ideal angles if we have a small room, but we should try to place them about 50 or 70 cm above our heads and pointing directly at the ears.
The subwoofer is a very important element in a home cinema system. It is responsible for emitting the effects of low frequencies, as well as the bass that the rest of the speakers cannot reproduce.
A subwoofer works with frequencies lower than 120 Hz. These can generate standing waves that often cause annoying effects on the sound. To avoid any problems, the best we can do is avoid placing it in any corner. We can place it near the TV, separate from the walls. We can also place it on one of the sidewalls, behind the viewer and pointing to the opposite wall.