Definition of Nationalism:
Nationalism, may be a system created by people that believe their nation is superior to all or any others. Most frequently, this sense of superiority has its roots during a shared ethnicity.
Other countries build nationalism around a shared language, religion, culture, or set of social values. The state emphasizes shared symbols, folklore, and mythology. Shared music, literature, and sports may further strengthen.
Pros of Nationalism:
Promote Culture and Literature:
Nationalism has also given great stimulus to art and literature because it helped to develop group languages, traditions, history, and culture, etc. Culture is that the history of the event of Nationalism and literature is its only image. It teaches the people to like their feelings and therefore the gains and sufferings of their heroes and heroines.
Preservation of Self-determination:
Thanks to the down of nationalism on the global scene, various nations and states and their people containing common sentiments, common objectives of life and customary culture and civilization, became impelled and instigated to preserve their right of self-determination without the encroachment of foreign domination. If it weren’t so, then the planet society won’t have presented a spread of societies. Their custom, tradition, way and standard of life.
A Source of Honour:
Nationalism is the source of honor dignity and aggrandizement. Nationalism plays a vital role at the state level. When two nations anemically face one another for achieving dominance. In fact, it’s a nationalism of both the nations that encounter one another anemically. Success during this confrontation depends upon the strength of nationalism.
Inspiration of Patriotism:
Nationalism is the state of mind that merges the self of individual within the self or nation. It installs the spirit of sacrifice for the explanation for a nation which is why the modern state creates a national army and not mercenary forces. These nationalistic feelings create a vigor in unarmed folks that makes them stand against the foremost powerful armies of the world e.g. Vietnam and Afghanistan. It’s the increasing strength of nationalism that permits nations to dominate and even to rule others.
It inspires people to succeed:
The American Dream is an example of nationalism. The thought that somebody can come to the US from anywhere and pursue their own version of happiness or achieve what they need to realize in life is an attempt many wishes to possess access to.
Brings about the duty to the state in particular:
If the rights of the state spring from its obligations, then it’s principally from people who relate to itself and in particular. This singularity manly brave the adventurous character of the state.
A Source of Dynamism
Nationalism produces motion and competition. Every nation tries to dominate others through positive competition. The charm and brightness of life are thanks to nationalism otherwise life is that the valley of death. It’s natural that each one kind of constructions and creativity depend on the positive competition and competition is feasible only there’s nationalism.
Cons of nationalism
It often results in separation and loneliness:
Nationalism superiority often causes a rustic to not only be independent of the remainder of the planet but also separated from the remainder of the planet. Treaties can become harder to make. It also can become difficult to possess a robust export/import market.
May promote arrogant behavior:
Patriotism can also often cause a state where people become quite arrogant since they think that their value system is that the only thing that matters in which other nations should adapt to their value system also since it’s the sole right thanks to going.
Thus, in such a case, people may completely neglect the likelihood that their values might actually be flawed and therefore the resulting level of arrogance can cause serious problems within the end of the day.
May cause the exploitation of foreign countries:
Nationalism is additionally often wont to justify the exploitation of other countries. As an example, it’s often claimed by politicians that so as to assure the wealth of the local population, we’ve to take advantage of other countries, regardless of what.
While the exploitation of other countries might indeed be beneficial for a few countries, it’s quite detrimental to the exploited countries since they’ll never get out of their misery. Thus, exploiting countries shouldn’t be thanks to going from an ethical perspective.
Patriotism is often used for radical movements:
In some cases in human history, nationalism had also been used for the increase of radical movements, which successively led to horrible outcomes. Therefore, so as to avoid those unpleasant outcomes from the past, we should always avoid excessive levels of nationalism.
People may suffer from a significant level of blindness:
Due to the promotion of nationalism, people can also become blind regarding their true inner beliefs and their value systems. People are quite easy to control and thru media channels and other instruments, nationalism is often wont to lead people into flawed beliefs, which can become serious unpleasant outcomes.
It can causes war:
When two nations focused on nationalism clash in their ideas, both will feel that they’re right and therefore the other is wrong. If either seems like their values are under fire, then nationalism also can become the inspiration of war.
It creates Selfishness:
Nationalism is the ideology that teaches us to be selfish. Machiavelli in his -Prince- says, “Whenever there’s a matter of state or nations no concept of excellent or bad, fair or foul, justice or injustice morals or immoral should be considered.” All other consideration is secondary when there’s national interest.
Exercise of Supreme Power:
At the beginning of the 20th century, Hitler of Germany, Mussolini of Italy, and Emperors of Japan greatly used the supreme powers against the whole of the planet just to satisfy the nationalistic feelings.
Nationalism unites a nation and establishes democracy on the other hand it becomes a cause of the destruction of a nation. So we all people should believe in this principle without any racial discrimination.