Need And Risks Associated With Heart Valve Repair Or Replacement

Ayaan DxBby:

Health

The heart is a muscular organ, that is located in the middle of the chest, between the lungs. The heart is equipped with 4 major chambers, called represented as atria and ventricles. These chambers are divided equally in the upper and lower section of the heart with valves passing in between, determining the pathway for the blood to circulate easily through the blood vessels of the circulatory system. The heart is one of the most complex and sensitive organs in the body, it is more susceptible to various conditions and diseases. Every year millions of people are diagnosed with heart problems ranging from mild and moderate to complex ones. Because of the significant medical advancement, these diseases are curable and can be treated at any best heart hospital in India. The diseases can be caused due to multiple factors, the major ones being age-related changes in the body, high fever, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and infections can cause damage to the heart. 

 

Valvular heart diseases are common diseases found in the heart region, which causes the valves to disfunction. The malfunctioning of the valves can affect the opening and closing of flaps, which can cause blockage in the blood flow, lead the blood flowing into the wrong direction, or in some cases, it can even result in regurgitation, which is leakage of the blood from valves. Usually, in these cases, the heart works harder to supply the body with a sufficient amount of blood and oxygen, which can weaken the heart, and result in shortening of breath, fatigue, chest pain, etc. If the condition is minor, mild treatment methods can repair the valves, but if the condition is severe, one might have to go under surgery, to get the heart valves replaced. 

 

The need to get the heart valves repaired or replaced arises due to the below factors:

 

  • Irregular heartbeat pace and 
  • Unusual sounds from the heart
  • Shortness of breath when lying down
  • Reduced stamina
  • Discomfort or pain in the chest area (Angina)
  • Swelling in legs, feet, ankles, abdomen, or other body parts
  • Blood clots

 

A cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating the disorders of the heart and circulatory system. After a few tests, and analyzing the complexity of the valvular disease, the doctor prescribes the treatment. The more the disease is complex, severe the treatment is. Mild or moderate valve diseases can be cured using medications and proper bed rest. However, the complex disease may require replacing heart valves using surgical operations, which usually 

comes with several risks. The risks listed below might depend on a patient’s medical condition.

 

  • Internal bleeding during or post the surgery
  • Blood clots that can cause heart strokes
  • Frequent dizziness
  • Breathing problems
  • Malfunctioning of repaired or replaced valves
  • High Fever
  • Pneumonia

 

In India, several hospitals have been built in the last decade to treat patients with cardiac diseases, but only the best heart hospital in India can treat the complexity of vascular diseases. These diseases require sheer precision and focus as heart valves are very sensitive, and one small mistake can significantly leave a negative impact on the survival chances of the patient. While the best heart hospital in India, might not be difficult to find, but it requires deep research to understand the complexity of the surgery and understand the team of doctor’s history in successfully carrying out similar surgeries in their career.

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