Sitting too much drags down your mental health. Here’s how to get moving

The good news is that something as simple as some very light movement around the house to break up all that couch surfing time can make a difference in mood, as Meyer’s earlier research has found.

Scores of previous studies confirm that being physically active boosts mood, lowers anxiety and improves sleep quality.

“We know consistently that the more people are active, the more that they exercise, the better their mental health is,” says Meyer.

For many office workers like me, working from home means we’ve fallen into a routine of spending hours at our desk. With another pandemic winter about to hit us and much of the country and the world still dealing with COVID-19, we are often stuck at home more than we’d like, so it’s time to start sitting less and moving around more.

Meyer and other exercise experts shared some tips to get started:

Think small

If you haven’t been working out throughout the pandemic and are intimidated about starting now, don’t worry, says Meyer. Start small.

“If I were to walk around my office, all those steps would count, it would be helpful,” he says.

People trying to start exercising often get caught up in an “all or nothing” thinking, says sports psychologist Jennifer Carter at the Ohio State University.

“It’s like either I do zero or I do two hours, and if I don’t get two hours, then it doesn’t count, or it’s not good enough,” she says. But in reality, “five minutes is better than none.”

In fact, “going from no activity at all to even a little bit of activity is going to get some of the biggest health effects,” says Meyer, compared with the benefits for someone who is already working out regularly.

Make it easier for yourself

“I think part of developing a good exercise plan for each of us is knowing ourselves well, knowing what’s feasible,” says Carter. And that includes knowing what’s not realistic for you.

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So if you hate running, don’t run just because it’s trendy or someone tells you it’s good for you, says Carter. Or if you’re not a morning person, then don’t plan to exercise in the morning.

And remember, she adds, “getting started is the hardest part.” Don’t blame yourself if you’re struggling to get started. It’s important to have compassion on yourself. “One tenet of self-compassion is this common humanity, that we all struggle at this,” she says.

Try to think of ways that would make it more likely you’ll stick to workout plan, perhaps by building in some external accountability. She suggests arranging with a friend to call or text each other at an agreed on time to spur each other to take a walk or run. Carter used to do it with her friend in the morning, she says and “that would get us going and have that accountability.”

Walk whenever you can

Start by just walking more, says Molly McDonald, a certified personal trainer with Corporate Fitness Works, who I also train with.

“I’ve told a lot of people, if you have space … in your house, walk room to room, use your stairs,” she says. “And if you don’t have stairs, just walking room to room, back and forth, getting those extra steps.”

Meyer agrees that sitting less and walking more will make a big difference. “If you have virtual meetings, using the beginning and end of that meeting as opportunities for you to walk around the block or walk to take out the trash or maybe there’s somewhere nearby that is a place you like to go to,” he says. “You could walk there and walk back just to get that same habit of changing up your sitting patterns.”

Another approach many people are using now is to do a “virtual commute,” he adds, “where at the beginning of the day, they walk around their house or walk around their neighborhood so that they’ve commuted to work.” And you can walk again at the end of the work day.

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5-minute workouts add up

If it’s hard for you to block out a chunk of time in your day to walk or do any other exercise, try spending just a few minutes every hour exercising, suggests McDonald.

“If you can get five minutes every hour, that’s going to add up throughout the day,” she says.

Just add it to your calendar and set a timer for five minutes, she adds. If you’re working an eight-hour-day, it adds up to 40 minutes a day.

“That’s 40 minutes that you did something, and it wasn’t a 40-minute chunk that you had to pull out of your day,” she says. Health guidelines recommend at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week. And those 40-minute daily activities will help add to the weekly goal, she adds.

Crank up the intensity, in short doses

Light movement around the house is a great start, but “every minute of higher-intensity activity is associated with better health outcomes than every minute of lower-intensity activity,” says Meyer. “So if you’ve got five minutes, the more you can do in those five minutes, the better.”

If you want to do more intense short workouts, start doing squats, lunges, pushups and planks, McDonald says.

“A lot of bodyweight exercises are really good to do throughout the day, [and] help with circulation.”

If you’ve never done these exercises, she suggests starting with squats.

“That’s a great place for everybody to start,” she says. “Just lean your back against the wall and bend the knees and see how comfortable you feel.”

As for how many squats or lunges we should aim for, she says, “there’s no magic number.” Just fit in as many as you can in the time you have. “Maybe you really only have two minutes. Well, do what you can in two minutes.”

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You can try adding some weight to your mini workouts using objects around your house like a can of beans or a sack of sugar, says McDonald. But take care not to grab anything too heavy until you get a sense of your own strength.

If more intense effort feels daunting, remember that “exercise, even at a light intensity, might be giving you the same mental health effects as the higher intensity stuff,” Meyer says. Especially, if you’re depressed and/or not walking around much to begin with. “Doing anything in those five minutes is better than doing nothing.”

Do chores that make you move

McDonald also advises her clients to do some chores during these breaks — anything that involves standing or walking. “I now jump at the chance to even just walk down the hall to take the trash [out] just so I can get out of my seat,” she says.

Personally, I have turned to my two favorite chores — emptying the dishwasher and washing dishes. And McDonald says that’s a good move.

“You’re standing washing your dishes [and it] is going to help your blood flow because you’re not sitting anymore,” says McDonald. “You’re using your legs, your muscles, [and] your muscles are asking for that blood flow to start up again.”


You can do these exercises even during phone calls or Zoom meetings, says McDonald, as long as you don’t have to be on camera. This is something I’ve tried to do for months now — I try to make sure that I’m either doing a quick exercise or at least moving around or doing chores during meetings where I don’t have to be on camera.

And if you plan to do that, just make sure you mute yourself, McDonald adds. You probably don’t want your colleagues hearing you huff and puff through your workout. “Some people have learned [that] the hard way,” she says.

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